Vedanta Philosophy about ‘Jagath’ (creation)

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Since, time immemorial the one question is raised by the humanity again & again about the creation which is;

What is the material by which this entire creation is made up of? or what’s the underlying substance of the entire world (Jagath)?

The Advaita Vedanta answers this question in a deeper & profound way, lets try to grasp in step by step:

1. The World (Jagath) exists: The common experience of all living beings which is undeniably is the ‘world is’ and which can be experienceable.

Vedanta Perspective: The Vedanta accepts the experience of the Jagath and its existence at this point without any conflict but asks to examine further about its fundamental or underlying substance by which this creation is made.

2. Five elements by which the Jagath (World) is made: Akasa (ether), Jala (water), Wind (Saturn), Fire (Mars) and Earth (Mercury), are the Five Primordial Elements by which this world of living & non living entities are made. This is proved some extent by modern science recently and accepted by most of the philosophies, but in fact this is stated in Vedic Knowledge dated back in thousands of years.

Vedanta Perspective: It is clearly mentioned in Vedntic doctrines about 5 primordial elements (Pancha Bhutas) and their combinations, how does it responsible for creation etc. This can be seen in Upanishads & Bhagavad Gita. This view is also relative from Advaitic Truth, and it suggested that lets investigate further deep from here to find the more subtle & reality behind the creation.

3. Play of Consciousness: In every experience of living beings, there is evidence of Consciousness. It is in fact, every experience is made possible by the Consciousness.

Vedanta Perspective: From here many philosophies cannot further driven & penetrate in to the investigation. But Actual Vedanta begins from here. It says, why Consciousness is more fundamental in our life?

because ‘you’ cannot experience anything either with the senses or with the mind without Consciousness

Therefore, Vedanta says with all its philosophical analysis & depth (Upanishads), the creation is just play of Consciousness but nothing else.

But, it is further to be understood, in order to answer the question posed by many dialectics philosophies that is; So, is it really Consciousness is material cause or fundamental material by which this Jagath is made up of?

4. Appearance in Consciousness (maya): The Vedanta says that Consciousness is not actually becoming into Jagath (material world), rather the world of names & forms are appearing in Pure Consciousness with its power called ‘maya

Vedanta explains this through the Examples: An individual being experiences so many things in the dream includes, humans, buildings, cities etc. But after he wakes up he realizes it is all made up of his own mind. Here, the mind with its power created a dream and made experience possible. Vedanta, shows a deeper truth here that, experience is there which cannot be deniable but find the truth by which this experience is made possible? is it not the mind alone !!!

In another example: The ocean has millions of waves, but if you see them as the wave then it arises immediately the concepts of name (wave) and form (shape). But Vedanta points to the truth about its reality substance that is ‘water’. Is there any ‘thing’ called ‘a wave’ apart from ‘water’. If water leaves from it then its form can be retained? No. Hence the only truth about the wave is ‘water’ the name & form are just concepts not part of the truth.

From above 2 examples Vedanta trying to explain that; The truth behind the appearance is different. The Jagath is the appearance but its underlying reality is the ‘Pure Consciousness’

5. Now, one more question may rise; So, is the entire creation is made up of ‘maya’ (mysterious power) but not Consciousness?

If this question rises in the mind then you have not fully understood the ‘Truth’ proposed by Vedanta. Because, the maya cannot exist apart from Consciousness and it is a kind of mysterious power of Consciousness (like dreaming power of mind in the dream example). Maya does not have independent reality. So, great Saints says; this whole creation is like a dream in ‘Pure Consciousness’, where the every bit of creation is pervaded by the Consciousness and the separation of experiencer & experienced Jagath is made possible by the power of Pure Consciousness it is called ‘maya

6. Finally, one can arrive at the question that, So is this entire creation is made by Consciousness alone then? If one arrived at this question then it indicates he/she grasped the ‘Truth’ some how.

The Jagath is nothing but Consciousness. Here one has to be careful that again the same mistake not to be committed in understanding by saying that Consciousness became this world (Jagath) or Consciousness is the material cause of creation. This is not true, because the Jagath is just an appearance in the ‘Pure Consciousness’ that’s all apart from that there is no true Jagath or creation is made by the Consciousness.

This is like, Snakes appears in the Rope when it is seen in semi darkness. So here, snake is not made by the rope but it actually appears in the rope by illusion of the person and when it is seen in full light he/she realizes that there is no snake at all but it all rope alone through and through. In this example one should not miss the point that; before he realizes the truth of the rope he has the experience of snake and all its effects such as fear, nervousness etc. This experience cannot be deniable and that is what proposed by the Advaita Vedanta although there is experience of Jagath (world) is clearly there for every living creature but when the illusion of the ‘Truth’ goes away by the Knowledge about the ‘Truth’ then ignorance goes away, then ever present, immutable, infinite, eternal ‘Truth’ that is ‘Sat Chit Ananda’ ‘Truth Absolute, Knowledge Absolute & Bliss’ is ‘revealed’.

Thank You all, Ravi Kumar Reddy Juturi

Vedanta Path: 3 Problems & 3 Methods

The Beginner's Guide to the Upanishads - The YogaLondon Blog

Brihadaranyaka Upanishad recommends three stages of ‘Sadhana’ for Self Realization, which are ‘Shravana’ (hearing about the truth again and again), ‘Manana’ (reflection about the truth in mind), and ‘Nididhyasana’ (Meditation upon the truth).

The process can be summarized as to remove ignorance and give clarity about ‘true nature’ of ‘Individual self’ (Jiva), Scriptures and Guru are required, hence Vedanta is to be studied systematically, where the ‘Truth’ is told by a Guru that you are the ‘pure consciousness’ (Tat Tvam Asi) (Chandogya Upanishad 6.8.7).

Three Problems – Three Methods

According to Vedanta (BU 2.4), the problem in the first stage to realization is ‘Pramana Asambhavana,’ which means ‘purports to teach about the Brahman or about some other entity.’ This is the doubt about the Pramana itself. The Pramana here is Upanishad. This removes by ‘hearing’ and systematic study of Texts (Shravanam).

The problem in the next stage is ‘Prameya Asambhavana,.’ which means ‘doubt whether Brahman and Jiva are identical or not’ in other words, ‘doubt about the subject matter.’ This is resolved by systematic Vedantic inquiry till it comes to clarity and intellect get convinced (Manana).

The problem in the final stage is ‘Viparita Bhavana‘ which means wrong notions such as ‘the universe is real, the difference between Brahman and Jiva is real’ in other words ‘opposite tendency of behaving as if we are the body and mind’ which are contrary to the teachings of the Upanishads. This problem is resolved by ‘Nididhyasana,’ which involves continuous dwelling on the ‘Truth’ till realization dawns and manifested in life. In the words of Swami Vivekananda, tell yourself again and again till it is entered into very veins and tingles in every drop of blood with ‘I am that infinite’.

Thank You, Ravi Kumar

Vidyaranyamuni ‘ten men story’ from Panchadasi Text


Article is Published, entitled:

Vidyaranyamuni ‘ten men story’ from Panchadasi as an illustration for Advaitic ‘self-realization’

Abstract: The article dwells on a Mantra from Brihadaranyaka Upanishad. This Mantra contains the essence of Vedanta. Vidyaranya Muni in Panchadasi Text writes the biggest chapter (seventh chapter) 290 Verses on this one Mantra. Four aspects are to be understood from this Mantra to understand the spiritual process in Advaitic realization. The first one is the realization, which means realizing who or what am ‘I’ truly (individual ‘I’ or Jiva). As a result, the negation of worldly enjoyments (Bogya Nisheda) means nothing in this world becomes an object worth pursuing, so one transcends this stage. The next aspect of the Mantra signifies for whose sake am ‘I’ (Jiva) doing all this? Hence, the ‘enjoyer’ or the ‘person’ who is trying to get pleasures, satisfaction, and enjoyment in this world must inquire into ‘that;’ it is nothing but the negation of the enjoyer (Boktri Nisheda). The third aspect of Mantra deals with what is there to be desired in this world from the point of realized ‘self’. As a result of this process, the ‘One’ who thinks an ‘individual being’ having the body and mind and trying to attain certain goals in life, that ‘One’ is dissolved. Finally, suffering along with the ‘body and mind’ complex is transcended, this is called liberation while living (Jivanmukti); it means that life continues with the body and mind but amidst this ‘realized one’ transcends suffering; this is called living in the body yet transcending the body. These four aspects have dwelled in this article with the help of ‘Ten men story’ from a sacred text called Panchadasi written by Vidyaranya Muni.

To read full article click on the below link;

https://www.ym-kdham.in/article.asp?issn=0044-0507;year=2021;volume=53;issue=1;spage=59;epage=63;aulast=Reddy

Thank You.

Prostrations to all Great Vedic Masters

The declaration of the Scriptures, your own logical thinking, and Guru’s explanations are the main three sources of knowledge available for a spiritual seeker.
All these but give an intellectual appreciation of what Truth is.
It has to be confirmed in ones own direct and personal experience that “I am this Self.”
Then alone a healthy intelligent seeker’s skepticism will end.
For this direct experience, the seeker will need repeated encouragement from his Guru.
Hence the Guru’s importance to spiritual seekers.
The day dedicated to Guru Worship is the Guru Poornima day.
Let us all prostrate to Sri Veda Vyasa Maharshi, Sri Adi Sankaracharya and all other Great Masters & their lineages.
Their Grace is sure and unfailing”

Sri Gurubyonnamaha!!!

Thank You.


Yudhishthira (Dharmaraja) great remarks on Forgiveness

Forgiveness and Virtues: Listen to these noble words of Yudhishthira on these two subjects.

Draupadi bitterly resented the insults heaped on her by the Kauravas and after they had gone to the forests, she urged on Yudhishthira to take action to avenge her and never to forgive the Kauravas. This brought forth from Yudhishthira an admirable discourse on forgiveness,

“If a man who has received abuses from another speaks to him in the same strain, if a man returns injury to injury, or a father kills his son or a son kills his father, how can there be any progress in this world where so much unrighteousness prevails? One should forgive every injury-no matter what kind – O Draupadi! That man is indeed a wise one who does not give way to anger, who shows forgiveness even when insulted, oppressed or abused by another. Forgiveness is Divine. Forgiveness is Truth. Forgiveness is potential ascetic merit. It is asceticism, penances and holy. Forgiveness is the foundation of the world. The man of wisdom should ever forgive-when he is capable of forgiving everything-for he attains Brahman.

Thank You, Ravi Kumar

Human ‘self’ & Supreme ‘Self’ are great friends

Teaching from Bhagavatam

Must Chant Mantras To Impress Lord Krishna

“The human self and the supreme Self are great friends. The supreme Self dwells beyond the reach of our physical eyes, so we cannot see him. But when someone is in dire trouble, he comes running to guide that person. The human self runs here and there in search of enjoyment. He reaps the fruits of his past actions, becoming sometimes happy, sometimes miserable. ‘I and mine’ is the demon that binds him to the world and to his work. Thus one birth leads to another. And birth is nothing but a dream of sorrow. In a bad dream, we suffer terribly. But when the dream breaks and we wake up, we are freed from our suffering and we gain deliverance. If we can wake up from our sleep of delusion, then our misery will come to an end“.

Thank you, Ravi Kumar

Prahlada teachings on Devotion to Lord

Prahlada is a great devotee of Sri Hari, and his life is great inspiration for spiritual seekers. Prahlada taught most beautiful practices of Devotion to Lord, which he always lived by in his life. For this reason, Prahlada later famously known as Bhakta Prahlada. Lets see some important teachings of Prahlada on Love of God

Prahlada taught to his friends at Gurukula in his child days about Devotion. He said: “Let me tell you about the path of devotion. To grow in devotion, we must revere our guru and serve him, and we must keep holy company, the company of other devotees of God. We must dedicate all we possess to the Lord, and worship and pray to him. We should have faith in the scriptures, and sing the Lord’s name and praises. We should meditate on his lotus feet, and behold and worship his sacred image. Keeping in mind that he dwells in all beings, we must love all, and we must serve him in others. Even though God is pleased by such disciplines as meditation, japa, and charity, he is most pleased when he sees ecstatic devotion for him. Everything else bereft of pure devotion is fruitless. To proceed on any path without pure love for the Lord is futile. The ultimate goal of all human beings is to have ecstatic love for Sri Hari, and to see him within one’s own heart and in the hearts of all“.

Thank You, Ravi Kumar

Major difference among Scientists & Ancient Rishis


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Since time immemorial, many scientists from various backgrounds are in the pursuit of finding the fundamental reality of the creation. Although scientists are not reached anyway close to the reality but they understood so many things about the Universe and its expansion with the support of physics & mathematics.

Back in the history, thousands of years from now, the same quest is also found in the ancient Rishis from India about origin of creation, fundamental reality of creation & sustenance of the this un imaginable vast Universe etc.

In both cases, there is similarity in the pursuit of objective that is about knowing the fundamental reality of the creation. But there is huge difference in the approach, methodology of the investigation.

Science cannot work without hypothesis (theoretical assumptions), models, predictions, some data & old knowledge etc. This is the limitation of the Science. If we carefully notice the discoveries of science & understandings of the scientists from time to time changes as it advances and refines. This clearly indicating that, we cannot rely upon the findings & understandings of the science especially about creation & fundamental reality of the Universe, because their understanding is changing from time to time.

The other side, ancient Rishis approached to find the ‘Truth’ is a unique way and it is not dependent on any data, information, assumptions, imaginations, theory or models etc. Therefore, this approach made a clear distinction from the science in finding the fundamental reality. What about the results? what is their understandings of the creation?

Rishis are also called ‘Drastas‘ which means ‘Seers’ of the ‘Truth’. This means, they have “Seen” the ‘Truth’, but this seeing does not means seeing with the physical eyes. Rishis are experienced the ‘Truth; by becoming one with the ‘Truth’ in the deep meditation. This is why, the knowledge system in the Vedic tradition is known as ‘Darshan’, which means ‘Vision’ ‘Seeing’. After the Rishis come out of the meditative state, they recorded about their ‘Darshnan‘ of the ‘Truth’. They are called ‘Scriptures’, most important scriptures in the Vedic heritage are ‘Upanishads’ or ‘Vedanta’

Why these Scriptures are more reliable than Science? If we see carefully the difference in the approaches to find the reality, we can grasp easily which is more authentic way, one which is based on predetermined assumptions & models or another which is directly seen or experienced one? In order to verify these things, we can see the history on both sides. For the past hundred years are so, how many times science has changed its way of understanding about the fundamental reality? how many times science has declared that we have found this with full certainty? how many times science has changed the perception or point of view about the ‘Truth’? Answer to these questions is well known to all of us that, almost every time science is unreliable with their findings.

On other side, Ancient Rishis are recorded each & every detail about the creation, what is there before creation & sustenance of the creation & most fundamental reality of the creation which is the cause of all creation & destruction etc. Surprisingly, these details provided in most ancient (some thousands of years back) scriptures like Upanishads are valid today and can be validated by any one. The Rishis have mentioned about the ‘Truth’ in thousands of years back but till today there is no change is proposed by any other Saints or Sages. This shows, how reliable these findings compare to Science.

Therefore, dear friends, this is not about criticizing or embracing any one particular system. But, this is the way of analyzing & understanding and accepting the facts of each system and their limitations. This understanding is very essential for coming generations, without these understandings, immense amount of energy, wealth & time go waste in wrong approaches in the pursuit of higher truths.

Thank you, Ravi Kumar

Kapila Muni view on Devotion to God

Vipasana: Sages from the Hindu Scriptures: Kapila
Kapila Muni

A great Jnani of Indian order, Kapila Muni, who is founder of Samkya Philosophy, says very interesting things about devotion; the following is the conversation took place between Kapila Muni & his mother;

When Kapila father departed to forest after his retirement from duties, Kapila Muni lived with his mother at Lake Bindu. One day Devahuti (Mother of Kapila Muni) asked him: ‘My son, my senses have completely bewildered me. Please dispel my attachment and delusion. You are the Lord himself, born in this world to destroy delusion.’

Kapila replied: ‘O Mother, the mind alone is the source of both bondage and liberation. The mind is attached to the three gunas: sattva, rajas, and tamas—the principles of light and balance, activity and attachment, and darkness and delusion. This attachment to the three gunas binds us. But if we can give up all sense of the ego—that is, of “I” and “mine”—then the mind will attain purity and can be fixed on the Supreme Spirit. Devotion to the Lord is the easiest way to do this’.

Kapilamuni further says; ‘When a person focuses all his sense-organs on the Lord through love, his impurities become burned up, just as fire burns up things that are put in it. This is true bhakti, or devotion. And though such devotees do not care for mukti (liberation), their devotion for the Lord leads them easily to that state which is beyond birth and death. Devotion alone takes one to the highest.’

As we all know Kapila Muni is the Great Jnani, but his teachings about attaining the highest are very interesting. May be we can understand the significance of God’s role in our Spiritual Journey from his teachings. One can also grasp the essence of his teachings is the Surrendering the results of all actions at the feet of Lord.

Thank you, Ravi Kumar

The Greatness of Nondual Meditation


Sri Krishna says to Arjuna in Gita that, the path of the Bhakti (Love of God) is the supreme way to attain the highest.

Yes, this path is certainly supreme path for all beings, but there are some driving forces are essential in this path, which are prescribed by all traditional Masters & Vedic Scriptures which includes; Chanting of sacred names of God, Japa, Kirthan, singing of Gods glories, meditation of appealing images of Gods in the heart, daily rituals etc. As long as one persuade these spiritual disciplines, no doubt there can be definite & significant progress in the way to God Realization.

But there are certain times in our lives where we have to face uncertainties and miseries. At these times, it is really difficult to hold on to our beliefs & faith on the God because it would be tough to have elevated emotions in the heart for the God in uncertainties.

This is the time, most of us stuck in the Spiritual path, because all Science & Logics attack our beliefs and Faith hence one may lost in all the way from sacred path to Samsara (Worldly life).

Nonduality Sadhana Supports Progress

So, it is recommended to harmonize the paths of Bhakti & Knowledge by all great Masters such as; Adi Sankaracharya, Ramakrishna Paramahamsa.

Nonduality or Advaita Vedanta guide our intellect perfectly into wisdom & peace without any need of Faith & beliefs. Yes, this is true, what does it requires? just to pay attention to the pointing’s and check with ones own experience and understand the Truth.

Vedanta, asks you not to believe on existence of God in the beginning. But it asks to observe our Individual Existence, and this is evident to us without any doubt at all time in our lives. Vedanta says, now don’t identify this Existence with any other phenomenon’s of life just keep on observing in the Meditation. This makes us clear slowly that, I am the ‘Existence’ itself not the Body or the Mind and their sufferings but ‘I am That’ is (Pure Existence).

Here, in this Vedanta Sastras (Texts), there is no belief required as it is highly logical & Experiential at every stage. Vedanta says ‘Brahman’ is the highest Truth, which is none other than ‘Pure Existence, Pure Knowledge & Bliss’ (Sat Chit Ananda). If one can sit with the guidance & contemplate in the meditation then it is quite possible to relate the attributes of Brahman to our own Existence. Yes, this is because the core of our Existence is ‘Brahman’. Vedanta says, there is no other existing things in the Universe except Brahman if this is the case our Individual existence is just an illusion.

No one can deny his or her own existence, hence this Sadhana can be done at anytime, anywhere and realize the Truth. The result of these contemplations will gives rise to profound peace in midst of uncertainties and personnel miseries. Yes, this is the sign of Vedantic Enquiry in to ones own self.

In conclusion, I would say; in these era of Science it is always better to carry wisdom along with Bhakti in our Spiritual journey in order to face undesirable situations in life but not stop our progress towards God realization. Hence, study of Vedanta & meditate/contemplate on the teachings is a greater support to Spiritual seeker along with all the prescribed Devotional practices.

Thank You, Ravi Kumar